Chapter 5:  Test Questions

 

ESSAYS

1.       What affect did Dien Bien Phu have on the French? Even after the French defeat, why were Western powers unwilling to see a free and unified Vietnam?

2.       When he declared Vietnam's independence, Ho Chi Minh quoted from the Declaration of Independence. How was Vietnam's situation in 1945 similar to America's situation in 1776? How was it different? Ho also referred to France's Declaration of the Rights of Man. Speculate as to why he chose those documents.

3.       Both Kita Ikki and Lu Xun were swept up in the ferment surrounding the Chinese revolution, and both became disillusioned by its failures. Kita sought to change people's ideas about the role of the state and the individual's place in it. Lu Xun wished to change people's perception of themselves as Chinese. Compare and contrast these two important intellectuals.

4.       Why did the American embargo of Japan fail to prevent war?

5.       Why did the British help the Dutch in their attempt to re­ establish control of Indonesia? What were the differences between Japan's colonies and Holland's?

6.       After the Japanese were defeated in WWII, they had to leave their colonies and territories. What impact did Japanese occupation have in the following years in terms of internal divisions in the countries concerned?

7.       Recall the discussions of imperialism in previous chapters. What aspects of Japan's development made it more likely that it would decide to "expand" into Asia for its own interests?

8.   Assess the impact of Japan in Pacific Asia in the first half of the twentieth century. Compare that to Japan's role in Pacific Asia in the last half of the nineteenth century.

 

TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS

1.       The threat of communism in the Philippines led the US to increase its postwar involvement there. (T/F)

2.       In the 1930s, Japan was dominated by civilian politicians who ignored the constitution. (T/F)

3.       The French enjoyed a resounding victory at Dien Bien Phu. (T/F)

4.       The Dutch received help from the British in their unsuccessful bid to re-establish control of the Dutch Indies. (T/F)

5.       Like the Americans in postwar Japan, the Japanese merely inserted themselves on top of existing power structures during their occupation of Indonesia. (T/F)

6.       Chiang Kai-shek sided with the Vietnamese in their attempt to remove the Japanese from Vietnam. (T/F)

7.       Though Japan signed the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy, the Japanese government did not share their fascist beliefs. (T/F)

8.       The Indonesian aristocracy played a significant role in the fight for Indonesian independence. (T/F)

9.       During WWII, Japanese truck production surpassed that of the US. (T/F)

10.     Japan's rule of Indonesia unintentionally spread Indonesian nationalism. (T/F)

11.     The postwar Japanese Constitution has been amended several times since 1947. (T/F)

12.     Ramon Magsaysay broke the Huk rebellion. (T/F)

13.     During the Occupation, the Americans actively studied Japanese ways in an attempt to make American-imposed changes more "Japanese." (T/F)

14.     The policies of the Occupation of Japan were unaffected by Asian politics. (T/F).

15.     Vo Nguyen Giap led the victorious Viet Minh forces in postwar Vietnam. (T/F)

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

1.    Japan united all of Southeast Asia under one rule for the first time in history. What was the long term significance of this act by the war's end?

a.    It struck fear into the hearts of the watching Europeans.

b.    It sapped the strength of the Japanese war machine.

c.    It made Japan wealthy through control of the region's enormous markets.

d.   It caused lingering resentment of Japan in the region.

e.   It enabled Japan to counter-strike against allied advances.

 

2.    Which of the following events did NOT precede the American embargo of Japan in July 1941?

a.     Conclusion of the Tripartite Pact.

b.     Japan's Invasion of Manchuria.

c.     Japan's invasion of French colonies in Southeast Asia.

d.     The Battle of Midway.

e.     None of the above events preceded the embargo.

 

3.    Whom of the following was the charismatic Philippine president killed in a 1957 plane crash?

a.     Elpidio Quirino

b.     Luis Taruc

c.     Jose Laurel

d.    Manuel Roxas

e.    Ramon Magsaysay

 

4.    Why were the Viet Minh so successful against French imperialism?

a.      the spread of literacy.

b.      involvement of the entire population.

c.      Ho Chi Minh's leadership.

d.      Vo Nguyen Giap's skills as a general.

e.      All of the above.

 

5.    Zhou Enlai made many statements and proposals at Bandung. Which of the following is NOT one of them?

a.    He invoked Asian identity to mend regional relations.

b.    He condemned SE ATO.

c.    He tried to ease Asian fears of the PRC by saying that overseas Chinese should respect the laws of the country they live in.

d.    He preached peaceful coexistence.

e.    He made all of these statements.

 

6.    Whom of the following established the Republic of Indonesia?

a.    Priyayi and Pemuda.

b.     Sukarno and Hatta.

c.     Magsaysay and Konoe.

d.     Nasser and Nehru.

e.     Celebes and Surakarta.

 

7.    Why did the US impose an embargo on Japan?

a.   To protect nascent American industries.

b.    Because of President Roosevelt expressed distrust of Japan.

c.    Because the Japanese had annexed the Dutch East Indies as part of Japan.

d.   To protest Japanese militarism.

e.   None of the above.

 

8.    The attack at Pearl Harbor:

a.      destroyed virtually all American ships in the Pacific.

b.      was an isolated strike in Japan's military strategy.

c.       was a military success but a tactical mistake.

d.      was assisted by Japanese conscripts from China.

e.       was launched from the Burma Road.

 

ANSWER KEY

 

True/False

1.T   2.F  3 F   4.T   5.F  6.F   7.T

8.T  9.F  10.T    11. F    12. T   13. F   14. F   15. T

 

Multiple Choice

 

1. d      2.  d     3. e     4. e     5. e     6. b     7. e     8. c